Why Are Goats Dying Suddenly? 4 Clear Ways To Prevent

Goats are farm animals that deliver several benefits. Many people treat goats for a variety of reasons. Some people keep them for milk, to eat weed, or to become companions and pets. While caring for goats is exciting, goat owners might be dealing with dying goats.

Why are goats dying suddenly? The sudden deaths of goats can be due to several possible causes. Usually, it happens with either poisonings, infections, or diseases. It occurs not only in adult goats but can occur in baby goats.

If caretakers or pet owners don’t act fast after seeing some of the usual symptoms to the fatal, it will lead goats to die in mere hours.

Why are goats dying suddenly
Why are goats dying suddenly?

Knowing the possible causes of sudden death in goats is something worth studying. Let’s read this article to the end.


Why Do Goats Die Suddenly?

Every goat can have diseases from birth, and when they live in a fragile state, many illnesses can get fatal conditions because goats’ bodies are easily susceptible to disease. There are many possibilities for goats dying from infection, disease, or poisoning.

Infection in goats can occur due to many factors, such as viral infection or bacteria. Sudden death in goats can also be due to contaminated food, drink, or toxic plants. If you notice something strange is happening to the goat, don’t wait too long to bring the goat and do a medical examination before the fatal conditions can’t be helped.


What Would Cause Sudden Death In A Goat?

One of the causes of sudden death is Enterotoxemia or pulpy kidney disease. The condition can occur due to Clostridium perfringens type D or a type of bacteria that can be found in soil. These bacteria can reproduce rapidly in the goat’s intestine and produce large amounts of toxins.

The epsilon toxin produced by C. Perfrigens type D is common in young goats and has high mortality rates. Some adult goats are susceptible to Enterotoxemia, but their bodies have developed immunity because they are used to exposure to low doses of the toxin.

It is just one example of the cause of sudden death because the overgrowth of the bacteria can appear 12 hours after the first signs of the symptoms.


What Are The Signs Of Listeria In Goats?

Listeriosis is caused by Listeria monocytogenes, a bacterium that often appears in cooler climates. These bacteria can be found in food sources, soil, or in the feces of healthy animals. If pet owners give their goats spoiled hay or silage, the chances of getting infected by this type of bacteria are high.

The goats circled in one direction, lack of appetite, high fever, red tissues around the eyes, and depression. If you notice symptoms on one side of the goat’s face, such as partial paralysis, these are easily recognizable symptoms of Listeria monocytogenes bacteria.


What Disease Kills Goats?

There are many diseases that goat owners should be aware of, such as Caprine arthritis encephalitis (CAE), Parabuterculosis or Johne’s disease, and Caseous Lymphadenitis (CL). These diseases can cause weight loss and various clinical symptoms affecting production. Goats owners who do not know this will experience significant economic loss because it can spread to herds.

There is no effective treatment for some of these diseases. It can’t be seen clearly, because the progress of the illness is very slow, and some goats don’t show any symptoms until they are suddenly very ill. The situation might get worse when these diseases spread from one adult to another.


What Are Some Common Goat Diseases?

Bloat and pneumonia are common diseases in goats. Bloat can occur because goats eat toxic plants, and goats will experience difficulty breathing or protrusion of the tongue. Two types of bloat can occur in goats, frothy bloat when gas is trapped in the foam or fresh gas after goats eat toxic plants and weeds.

For baby goats dying suddenly, there is a possibility of Wesselbron disease, which often affects newborn goats. The cause is some mosquitoes transmitting the diseases to goats. Some goats will show symptoms, such as increased breathing, fever, and weakness. If treatment is not fast, young goats will die between the next 1-3 days.


What Would Cause A Goat To Die Suddenly?

Enterotoxemia is a severe disease that causes sudden death due to two strains of bacteria. These bacteria can provide intensive conditions, such as kicking at their bellies, diarrhea, and bloody stool. Goats will experience stomach pain and more discomfort as the symptoms worsen.

Dealing with Enterotoxemia is using a vaccine to prevent the infection from spreading. When your goat has this disease, don’t make sudden changes to its diet because it can make the goat’s condition worse.


What Can Cause A Healthy Goat To Die Suddenly?

CAE or Caprine arthritis encephalitis is arthritis pain that causes goats to limp or wobble when trying to stand. This disease can affect young and adult goats, while some goats do not show any symptoms.

Once the goat’s condition gets worse, the disease can cause neurological situations that paralyze the goats in the neck, respiratory organs, and legs. This condition makes healthy goats die suddenly. There is still no vaccine or medicine that is suitable for this disease.


How Do You Know When A Goat Is Dying?

You can see the common signs of sickness in goats before the condition gets worse and can’t be helped, because there is no specific drug that can cure a goat’s condition. Initial conditions were goat loss of appetite, shivering, fever, lethargy, and pale gums.

If this condition is allowed by pet owners, it can cause extreme signs, such as mucus and blood in loose stool, severe diarrhea, and weight loss. You can give the vaccine to reduce the possibility of fatalities that occur because of the disease experienced by your pet.


Most Common Cause Of Death In Goats

Some cases that cause death in goats with a high mortality rate are C. perfringens type D Enterotoxemia, pneumonia, paratuberculosis, listeriosis, and other diseases. Enterotoxemia can occur due to poor animal husbandry and management. This case often arises because of the large number of baby goats who overeat due to being bottle-fed by a handler.

Pneumonia infects goats in early winter or late fall with symptoms such as difficulty breathing, coughing, difficulty movement, and nasal discharge. Chronic pneumonia will kill a goat. If you notice some signs in the goat, you can give antibiotics to prevent pneumonia gets worse.


Why Do Baby Goats Die Suddenly?

Baby goats can die for many reasons, ranging from possible diseases in newborn animals to conditions that arise when they receive poor care and baby goats dying suddenly. There are several reasons why goats die, such as illness, disease, weak kid syndrome, or mineral and vitamin deficiencies.

Pet owners must know the health issues that occur in baby goats and act fast before illnesses become complications and strike baby goats with severe conditions. Handling that is not fast or not appropriate makes baby goats die in mere hours.


Baby Goat Diseases

The condition experienced by baby goats can occur after birth or when their immunity is low. Any disease that starts from common issues can turn into threatening depending on the condition of the baby goats at that time. Each disease requires different treatment to ensure the baby goat does not get fatal conditions.

Examples of baby goat diseases are coccidiosis with symptoms such as dark liquid diarrhea and weight loss. It happens because of protozoan parasites called coccidian, which affect animals and prevent nutritional uptake and internal bleeding.

Another possibility is a joint illness that attacks baby goats through the navel opening in the umbilical cord and infects goats’ joints. Baby goats will experience sepsis, fever, and even death.


How To Prevent Baby Goat Diseases?

Preventing baby goats from getting the disease is the best step for every goat owner. If there is something that you can do to maintain the health of goats, then you can do it instead of having to deal with goats dying suddenly. The table below is a few ways to prevent certain diseases.

Baby Goat DiseasesHow To Prevent It
CoccidiosisA medicated feed with Coccidiostat, treats baby goats with Amprolium solution, removing manure regularly, and not feeding goats on the ground.
EnterotoxemiaDo not overfeed, subcutaneous injection of C&D antitoxin treatment, and vaccination.
WormsDeworm baby goats with medicine recommended by vet, do deworming again 2-3 weeks after first worming, rotate pastures with your goats.
PneumoniaGoats need to be well-sheltered, determine baby goat’s temperature, and use Banamine to reduce fever and inflammation.


Why Did My Baby Goat Die?

The number of goats we take care of sometimes underestimates small things, such as not checking the health of baby goats one by one. We have to see what symptoms the baby goat shows. If it starts with weight loss, anemia, and poor appetite, there is a possibility that goats have parasitic worms and can see worms in their feces.

If there are indications of worms, then you can consult a vet and get deworming treatment. Don’t be late in handling worms on baby goats so they can recover quickly and don’t infect other baby goats. Although worms are not among the things that make goats die with their eyes open, never underestimate the disease experienced by baby goats.


Why Are My Goats Suddenly Dying?

Try to check the condition of your goat if it has a severe disease such as Enterotoxemia. Bacteria that can cause stomach upset and diarrhea make goats often kick their stomachs because of the discomfort and blood in their stools.

The goats dying suddenly after the symptoms get worse if the owners don’t pay attention to this condition. The vaccine is one way to prevent infection. Poor treatment for goats can lead to a higher chance of Enterotoxemia. Allowing goats to eat on the ground and overeating can make it easier for bacteria to enter the goat’s digestive system.


Can Goats Die From Rain?

If the goat’s condition is not healthy and they are outside during the rain, it could kill them. Healthy goats will have no problem with rain but goats lacking physical or health issues will make their condition worse.

If rainfall occurs for more than 12 hours and the goat has no shelter, the goat can get a fatal condition due to cold air, wind, and worsening health issues. Never leave goats outside when it rains.

The way to solve this problem is simple, provide adequate shelter and don’t let the goats get rained on. If you can take good care of the goats and their condition is healthy, the rain will not be a problem for them.


Goat Illnesses And Symptoms

We’ve seen goat dying symptoms. Now, we need to know about goat illnesses and their common symptoms to prepare for what can be done to prevent the disease from getting worse.

The first disease is bloat, with symptoms such as the goat being unable to burp, the goat’s stomach looking bigger than usual, and vomiting or diarrhea. Sudden changes to the goat’s diet can cause this disease, or the goat eats poisonous plants.

Next, there is CAE with goats as if they are not comfortable with their feet until they have severe neurological conditions like leg or neck paralysis. The goat will experience restlessness from pneumonia, moaning sounds, coughing painfully, and a nasal discharge.


What To Do When Your Goat Dies?

Several things you can do are incineration, burial, and composting. Burial is the cheapest and most common method used by pet owners.

If goats are exposed to infectious diseases, keep goat graves away from shelters, and make deep burials about 4-8 feet to ensure the excavations are not dug by animals, such as dogs or cats.


Why Are My Goats Dying?

Goats are prone to death because they eat spoiled food, poisonous plants, bad conditions after birth, viral infections, or bacterial infections. One of the diseases in goats for which there is still no cure or vaccine is Caprine arthritis encephalitis. It can affect both adults and young goats.

Some goats do not show any symptoms, others suffer from arthritis pain which can cause them to limp or wobble when standing. If adult goats are affected by CAE, they could pass on the disease to their babies through milk.

The goat’s condition will be more severe and experience paralysis until the goats die.


Do Goats Die Suddenly Because Of Mineral And Vitamin Deficiencies?

This can happen to baby goats because every baby needs a wide variety of vitamins and minerals for their body’s development. If baby goats can’t get enough daily minerals and vitamins, their baby might die.

Try to give selenium, thiamine, and other supplements to reduce the chances of baby goats developing mineral and vitamin deficiencies.


How Do You Know When A Goat Is Dying?

The goat will show symptoms, such as loss of appetite, weight loss, illness, diseases that make the goat’s body condition weak, and health issues getting worse day by day.

Discolorations in the goats’ stool, such as red or runny stool, mucus, drool, and several other symptoms, make the goat not grade as usual.

Goats’ condition can be more severe if they have difficulty breathing and coughing. They couldn’t move freely until their bodies went limp helplessly.

All diseases can be prevented by vaccines or preventing things, such as spoiled food, checking goat health one by one, and not changing goats’ diet suddenly.


Can A Goat Die From Stress?

There are no reports showing goats can die from stress. Goats can only die due to bad conditions. Goats becoming stressed will lead to less appetite or lethargy, but they can be happy again if you provide them with care.

Give the goats proper shelter and diet, checking every day the condition of the goats from temperature to coat health and their reaction when eating. You can consult a vet if there are some oddities in the goat’s body.


Why Do My Goats Keep Dying?

Many diseases or conditions make goats sick or experience severe health issues. If you can keep your goats on a proper diet, provide them with the best quality food, and get regular vaccines, the chances of goats dying suddenly will be drastically reduced.

Poor care and carelessness are the main things that cause goats to get sick easily. If you see that one goat is unwell, you can take action according to the existing symptoms. If you don’t know what to do, immediately consult a vet because quick action can help your goat’s condition.


Final Verdict

Every disease experienced by goats must be treated immediately before the condition gets worse, or we must do prevention instead of treating the disease. Goats are prey animals with a high mortality rate, they’re fragile and can suddenly die if they get sick.

Give goat supplements with proper vitamins and minerals to increase their immune system, do strict animal husbandry, and provide high-quality shelter and a proper diet for goats’ health.

Some diseases that can cause sudden death in goats are Caprine arthritis encephalitis, Johne’s disease, pneumonia, Enterotoxemia, and other illnesses that can be more severe if not treated properly.

Post Disclaimer


The information, including but not limited to, text, graphics, images and other material contained on this website are for informational purposes only. No material on this site is intended to be a substitute for professional veterinary advice, food recommendation, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek the advice of your veterinarian or other qualified health care provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition or for pet food related questions.

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